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CMAK
A Very British Civil War
Note: this is clearly a “what-if” scenario, loosely based on the bustling miniatures war gaming off-shoot of the same name. Outstanding work has been done by Solway Crafts and Miniatures, and I credit them with the brilliance of this war gaming theme.
Background
England, May 1938 (designer note: note the in-game calendar notes “1944”; this is only to create the optics of lush green environment of the British Isles)
Weather: overcast, mild, dry
The very social fabric of Great Britain was torn during the apocalypse that was The Great War. The mightiest empire on the globe ended victorious, but at what cost? The rigid social hierarchy was shaken, and the world wide waves of social change did not stop at the English Channel. Class structure, worker’s rights, regional animosities have all brewed in the decades following the Great War. This has all been exacerbated by the crippling economic crisis of the 1930s, to which the ever cautious government responded to by constricting public spending ever more.
In May 1937, King Edward VIII of the United Kingdom married Wallis Simpson. The marriage to Wallis was not supported by Stanley Baldwin, the British Prime Minister; and King Edward refused to abdicate. This marriage left the British government, and most of the people, alienated; and public hatred for King Edward and Queen Wallis rose. Parliament was torn, and in the general election of 1937, Baldwin was defeated. The Conservative party, ripped by the issue of King Edward’s marriage, as well as economic and regional tensions, broke apart, and a large segment of the Tory support went to the British Union of Fascists. Oswald Mosley’s promise to ensure public order, and shore up the Empire, resonated with a public tired of public disturbances, strikes in essential services, and the economic malaise. The Labour party too split, with the more radical sections forming their own splinter parties which ran their own candidates. The 1937 election results saw a fractured parliament, and although only winning slightly over 200 seats, and less than 30% of the vote, the BUF formed the largest caucus in the House of Commons. King Edward VIII asked Oswald Mosely to form a government. Mosley did so and almost immediately issued “Orders of Council”, outlawing strikes, restricting collective bargaining, and establishing new offences for unauthorized public gatherings, and publishing “any article intended to alarm the public”. Any opposition was swiftly responded to, if not by the police, then by Mosely’s own BUF Blackshirts, the BUF’s paramilitary wing.
In January 1938, a protest by Dockyard workers in Liverpool was brutally crushed by the BUF and elements of the Regular Army; and violent clashes began across the country; between the Kings troops and those of several other factions. The British Civil War has begun!

Factions: The outbreak of conflict led several groups to attempt to seize the country or their own personal goals. Major factions included:
On the Right (Axis in this scenario
* The Edwardian Army – elements of the professional Army, bound to King Edward VIII.
* The Royal Navy and Royal Marines – bound by tradition and culture to remain loyal to the reigning monarch, and the majority have done so.
* The British Union of Fascists (or “BUF”) – the dominant political party, led by Oswald MOSLEY and heavily backed by German and Italian interests. Mosley has garnered considerable support in his efforts to restore order internally and restore the status of Britain’s Empire
* The Mosley Youth – a “social club” of young men, who have been drilled and armed by unknown sources, and have formed para-military units to push the BUF agenda.
* Foreign Volunteer Units: after the recruiting of numerous foreign elements to fight in the Spanish Civil War, similar detachments have been formed to back those with similar agendas in the British Civil War. Contingents from other fascist and imperialist sympathizers have been formed. Here we will see the presence of the “Hanoverian Legion”, volunteers from Germany, who are backing the Edwardian and BUF efforts
On the Left (Allied in this scenario)
* The Albertine Army – elements of the regular forces, plus most of the “Territorial Army”, backing the young Prince Albert’s claim to the throne.
* The Anglican League - A large army led by a group of bishops and archbishops, they were aligned with the Albertine Army. Many are veterans of the Great War.
* The People’s Party Army - Made up of disillusioned Labour party supporters, disgruntled workers and Spanish Civil War veterans, they are seeking to turn Britain into a Socialist state based upon Lenin's Russia.
* The Farmer’s Union: radical small plot farmers and farm working hands, seeking better pay, price subsidies, and land redistribution. They are heavily influenced by Marxist doctrine.
* The Student’s Union: like students before and after them, the university students have ramparts to thwart whomever they view as authoritarian,
* Foreign Volunteer Units: after the recruiting of numerous foreign elements to fight in the Spanish Civil War, similar detachments have been formed to back those with similar agendas in the British Civil War. Groups of Americans, Canadians, and ANZAC units have been formed; here we will see the Lafayette Battalion, formed of French volunteers, many fresh from the savage fighting in Spain.
This scenario occurs in the West Coast port town of Twaddlemore. Twaddlemore is the home base for a small Royal Navy destroyer flotilla, as well as being a mid-sized port for international commerce. Given that the United Kingdom lives or dies based on this freedom to trade overseas, the port is vital to all in this conflict. The Royal Navy, which for the most part has remained loyal to King Edward VIII, dispatched the flotilla two days ago to join the rest of the fleet, tasked with stemming the flow of foreign volunteers coming to fight for their faction of choice. Many of these foreigners have come directly from fighting for the Nationalists or the Republicans in Spain, who have endured two years of their own brutal Civil War already.
Yesterday the dock workers, who are heavily influenced by communist agents and are affiliated with the People’s Party, refused to move armaments stored in the dock warehouses. Instead, they armed themselves and fighting broke out when security staff sought to control the situation. Who opened fire first is both in dispute and a moot point at this juncture. A company of the Army’s Provost Corps was rushed to Twaddlemore by train, but a bomb was used to derail the trail just outside of town. Multiple factions are either in town currently or rumoured to be headed this way. The Telephone Exchange is the key to communicating with the rest of the country, and is clearly a goal to secure. Likewise, the docks and the armaments stored there in are also of immense value. Lastly, the mysterious new Wireless Tower being built on the south shore is of unknown value, as the work crews are from “away” and appear to be quite Teutonic in manner.
This battle will surely prove that the term “Civil War” is clearly a misnomer.
A historically fictional 'what if' look at the events leading up to the Deutsche Afrika Korps capture of Tobruk in June 1942.
SCENARIO DESCRIPTION
A meeting engagement played out in the wooded terrain of the Ardennes at the beginning of the Bulge. 60+ turns.

The Germans are trying to seize important territory: bridges, cross-roads, and towns to allow breakthrough armored thrusts. Central to this map is the village of L’Shone and its surrounding road network.

The Americans are trying to occupy the same terrain to prevent its use by the Germans.

Best played as: H2H
Second Best played as: H2H
(Not designed for vs. AI play due to mounted units)

Map edge friendly to Axis: East. Map edge friendly to Allies: West.

It is hard to believe that it was only a week ago when we first heard of “The Outbreak”. Initially it was thought to be a terrorist biological attack, with outbreaks in large cities overwhelming medical facilities. But soon it was apparent it was much more… the more we hear, the more we realize that we know very little – the cause – the prognosis – or the scale of this crisis. All remain unknown – at least to the general populace. What the “government” knows may be something else again.
You are Jack McCann, police chief in the small coastal tourist town of Shady Acres, Maine. Normally by this time of the year, your town is overrun with loud tourists from the cities of the East Coast. If only that were the case.
Four days ago a large staff of the Center for Disease Control showed up at the Town Hall, and brusquely informed the Mayor, Chuck Zeto, that the Federal Government was immediately taking control of “Shady Island”, a favourite picnic spot in the bay. This was all one-way communication, you don’t know much more other than soon thereafter a convoy of sealed trucks arrived and barbed wire was being strung across the access bridge to the island.
The National Guard has been mobilized, and your own police force has been placed under the command of the governor’s office.
And yet even now, you are not sure why. A strange illness has swept the globe, but what little news was initially released was like something from a bad movie. Now that trickle of news has stopped altogether. The official story is that a Chinese cyber attack has shut down the Internet, but this being Small Town America, there are a lot of conspiracy theories floating about.
The Mayor, Chuck Zeto, who also is the local bank manager, has asked that citizens assist in securing the town from whatever threats may arise. Given that the local National Rifle Association sponsored Chuck’s last campaign, their members were eager to show their affinity for the 2nd amendment and reaffirm their ownership of large capacity magazines and assault rifles. With some hesitation, you agreed to deputize these men, but have asked them to stay at home until they may actually be required. Their training and experience doesn’t necessarily match their enthusiasm.
You were at your office all night. You had a call from Doctor Jacobie at the hospital. Dr. Jacobie, a Vietnam war draft dodger who only returned from Canada in the 1990s, is determined to ignore what he considers a “fascist edict” that all patients in suspected cases of the “outbreak” be turned over to the C.D.C. immediately and quarantined on the Island. “It reminds me of the interment of the Japanese in 1942!” Jacobie ranted, and he said he would treat all patients as “patients, not criminals”. At that, you sent two teams of part time deputies to the hospital to deal with any issues that may arise.
The town is an important transportation hub, in that the coastal railway runs through the town. The Railway has deployed their own security at the train station, as if there is an epidemic, it is important to prevent those infected from traveling. Hopefully they have enough staff to do the job.
You remained in your office all night, and it seemed that things may be calming down, but then with a complete news black out, and the mute C.D.C. guards by the island Park, who knows? You did receive several calls from citizens overnight, reporting screams and other noises from the areas near cemeteries last night; typically the local teens will go there to drink and smoke up. Although you usually will send a Deputy to put the run on them, there are more important things to do now.
The sun is coming up, but a heavy thick fog has blankets the town. A convoy of C.D.C. relieve staff are expected in from Bangor any minute; hopefully they have some news. To allow your exhausted staff get some needed rest, two detachments of National Guard troops will be arriving, one is about 5 minutes away and a second convoy from the east in another 5 minutes after that. It will be good to get home and hit the sheets. You are so tired you feel like the walking dead.
Your phone rings. It is the security detail from the train station. Old man Codger, a elderly farmer who lives north east of town, has just shown up at the Rail station, out of breath and terrified. He is rambling about being attacked at his home, and that the only way he could escape is by setting the buildings on fire. You had better send a Deputy to go interview him. It sounds bizarre.
The phone rings again… it is Deputy Boomhauer at the hospital. He sounds quite distraught. Apparently the hospital was overwhelmed with patients overnight, and now he reports the motion detector alarms in the morgue have gone off.
At that second the switch board lights up, and several simultaneous “10-78” calls are received – “officer need assistance!”… What the?????”

This scenario is
1) Meant strictly for play against the AI. Although it one player wants to try playing the Axis/Zombies, please feel free.
2) The scenario is meant to be strictly for fun.
3) Watch you ammo loads. Shoot for the head. You only have the ammo you brought into the fight.
August 12,1944. France. SE of Argentan.
Married platoons of U.S. 5th Armored Division
night out-posts.
France, 1940 - Case Red.

Heavy Tanks of the 4th DCR must smash a hole in the advancing German line - but there are complications.
At Dornot, the U.S. Third Army's XX Corps' first attempt to establish a bridgehead on the Moselle River south of Metz met bloody failure. Two and a half miles south of Dornot the XX Corps' 10 Infantry Regiment is trying once more to establish a permanent bridgehead across the Moselle at Arnaville. Since the first U.S. troops crossed at Arnaville on the night of 8/9 September, the Germans have been launching increasingly vicious counterattacks in an effort to destroy the bridgehead and repeat what happened at Dornot.
This is an Aug 44 meeting engagement between Brit and German mech forces in Belgium. The map is based on a satellite photo of Neubruck just southeast of St. Vith.
Cassino town was destroyed by Allied Airforces on Wednesday, March 15th, along with the abby known as Monte Cassino. "The town was blown assunder and beaten into heaps of rubble, the official British history reported. Yet hundreds of bombs and thousands of shells failed to pound the town to powder, contrary to Allied expectations, nor were the surviving defenders 'rendered comatose', as planned." --The Day of Battle
Normandy - known for its rolling fields, orchards, stud farms and a good glass of cider. Sheltered from the elements which can pound the coastline this is a landscape is carpeted in apple blossom. It is here, at the heart of one of the best designated cider producing areas that you will find the Chateau les Bruyîres, an Empire period residence and 18th century manor house - run by the Wehrmacht. It is your task to put an end to this inappropriate ownership.
CMBB
The Axis launch a major attack on the Allied defenses.
Soviet vs. German Meeting Engagement. 60+ turns.
Best played as: H2H (Not recommended for vs. AI play due to mounted infantry.)

In recent weeks, this industrial center has been the scene of increasingly sharp clashes between recon units and regular forces. Both sides have traded jabs over this important airplane fabrication city. Both have moved into the town and then been forced out again. No one seems to be able to hold it. The landing gear assembly plant on the edge of town was occupied by the Red Army a few days ago and then burned and destroyed as the Wehrmacht forced them out. Much of the town lies untouched, but the workers and residents know it is just a matter of time before a major battle rages through the streets of their city…

After another bloody engagement, both sides have backed off. Again, in the still of a Sunday morning under the cover of a pounding rainstorm, both sides push forces forward to gain possession of the city.

No one is sure where the front lines lie. Is the enemy in front of you? Or is he gone?

Push forward, as so many before you have tried, and hold this town once and for all!
This is a CMBB scenario, modelling Plan Yellow in France in May 1940.
It is a "dynamic flag" scenario, on a large map that will provide many options in attack and defence.
July 1941, a german advance detachment, composed of motorized infantry with Stug support, attempts to cut off retreating russian forces.
Russians attack three German-held villages in an attempt to secure the flank of a future offensive.
July, 1944. Operation Bagration already going on since one month. The german north front runs danger to be cut off. Setting down of german troops in western direction
runs among constant attacks of soviet armoured shock forces...
43-02-01, South. SS commandos save Kleist's troops from encirclement. Fictional.
42-07-10, South. Axis forces in Group A cross the Donits to secure northern flank in the beggining of Fall Blau Operation. Semi-fictional.
October, 1942
In the northern Caucaus, along the Terek river line, the battle has been raging brutally for nearly two months. Germany's 13.Panzer-Division tasked with taking the key junction city of Vladikavkaz (Ordzhonikidze) has been stymied in it's every attempt to breakthrough.

But now, at the end of October a break has been achieved through the first mountain range and panzers are rolling along the valley near Ardon, on a back route to Vladikavkaz.

The Russians, somewhat disorganized, are withdrawing to new positions. A desperate stand is ordered to slow the German advance and buy time to set-up the new defensive positions.

Russian breakout from a Kessel against a German blocking force.
CMBO
German infantry dawn attack during the Battle of the Bulge. American infantry caught off-guard whilst lining up for chow.

VPs for casualties and German exit points only.
Before dawn on D-Day the British airbourne must destroy the gun batteries at Vierville.
Koen - A Town to conquer
*****************************************

a Couple of weeks ago the Allies have conquered one of the major towns in France.

Now the Germans broke through the American line of defense in the Ardennes and are advancing rapidly towards this town.

Can the Allied commander hold this town?
November 1944, the French 2nd Armored Division is tasked to breach the German fortified line of the Vosges mountains. This battle takes place on the second days of the attack. The different French Task forces are competing with each other in order to be the first to reach the plain of Alsace. The company team Minjonnet (part of the Task Force Massu) blocked close to Voyer in a narrow valley by German remnants of the 708. ID has to bypass quickly this resistance. The French can be sure that their old enemy is not about to ease their action !
An American WWII GI's dream come true- a "what if" American assault on Berlin AND a chance to personally bag the ol'Führer himself!
Arnhem Bridge battle. British airborne against armoured SS.
Updated Scenarios
CMAK
A Very British Civil War
Note: this is clearly a “what-if” scenario, loosely based on the bustling miniatures war gaming off-shoot of the same name. Outstanding work has been done by Solway Crafts and Miniatures, and I credit them with the brilliance of this war gaming theme.
Background
England, May 1938 (designer note: note the in-game calendar notes “1944”; this is only to create the optics of lush green environment of the British Isles)
Weather: overcast, mild, dry
The very social fabric of Great Britain was torn during the apocalypse that was The Great War. The mightiest empire on the globe ended victorious, but at what cost? The rigid social hierarchy was shaken, and the world wide waves of social change did not stop at the English Channel. Class structure, worker’s rights, regional animosities have all brewed in the decades following the Great War. This has all been exacerbated by the crippling economic crisis of the 1930s, to which the ever cautious government responded to by constricting public spending ever more.
In May 1937, King Edward VIII of the United Kingdom married Wallis Simpson. The marriage to Wallis was not supported by Stanley Baldwin, the British Prime Minister; and King Edward refused to abdicate. This marriage left the British government, and most of the people, alienated; and public hatred for King Edward and Queen Wallis rose. Parliament was torn, and in the general election of 1937, Baldwin was defeated. The Conservative party, ripped by the issue of King Edward’s marriage, as well as economic and regional tensions, broke apart, and a large segment of the Tory support went to the British Union of Fascists. Oswald Mosley’s promise to ensure public order, and shore up the Empire, resonated with a public tired of public disturbances, strikes in essential services, and the economic malaise. The Labour party too split, with the more radical sections forming their own splinter parties which ran their own candidates. The 1937 election results saw a fractured parliament, and although only winning slightly over 200 seats, and less than 30% of the vote, the BUF formed the largest caucus in the House of Commons. King Edward VIII asked Oswald Mosely to form a government. Mosley did so and almost immediately issued “Orders of Council”, outlawing strikes, restricting collective bargaining, and establishing new offences for unauthorized public gatherings, and publishing “any article intended to alarm the public”. Any opposition was swiftly responded to, if not by the police, then by Mosely’s own BUF Blackshirts, the BUF’s paramilitary wing.
In January 1938, a protest by Dockyard workers in Liverpool was brutally crushed by the BUF and elements of the Regular Army; and violent clashes began across the country; between the Kings troops and those of several other factions. The British Civil War has begun!

Factions: The outbreak of conflict led several groups to attempt to seize the country or their own personal goals. Major factions included:
On the Right (Axis in this scenario
* The Edwardian Army – elements of the professional Army, bound to King Edward VIII.
* The Royal Navy and Royal Marines – bound by tradition and culture to remain loyal to the reigning monarch, and the majority have done so.
* The British Union of Fascists (or “BUF”) – the dominant political party, led by Oswald MOSLEY and heavily backed by German and Italian interests. Mosley has garnered considerable support in his efforts to restore order internally and restore the status of Britain’s Empire
* The Mosley Youth – a “social club” of young men, who have been drilled and armed by unknown sources, and have formed para-military units to push the BUF agenda.
* Foreign Volunteer Units: after the recruiting of numerous foreign elements to fight in the Spanish Civil War, similar detachments have been formed to back those with similar agendas in the British Civil War. Contingents from other fascist and imperialist sympathizers have been formed. Here we will see the presence of the “Hanoverian Legion”, volunteers from Germany, who are backing the Edwardian and BUF efforts
On the Left (Allied in this scenario)
* The Albertine Army – elements of the regular forces, plus most of the “Territorial Army”, backing the young Prince Albert’s claim to the throne.
* The Anglican League - A large army led by a group of bishops and archbishops, they were aligned with the Albertine Army. Many are veterans of the Great War.
* The People’s Party Army - Made up of disillusioned Labour party supporters, disgruntled workers and Spanish Civil War veterans, they are seeking to turn Britain into a Socialist state based upon Lenin's Russia.
* The Farmer’s Union: radical small plot farmers and farm working hands, seeking better pay, price subsidies, and land redistribution. They are heavily influenced by Marxist doctrine.
* The Student’s Union: like students before and after them, the university students have ramparts to thwart whomever they view as authoritarian,
* Foreign Volunteer Units: after the recruiting of numerous foreign elements to fight in the Spanish Civil War, similar detachments have been formed to back those with similar agendas in the British Civil War. Groups of Americans, Canadians, and ANZAC units have been formed; here we will see the Lafayette Battalion, formed of French volunteers, many fresh from the savage fighting in Spain.
This scenario occurs in the West Coast port town of Twaddlemore. Twaddlemore is the home base for a small Royal Navy destroyer flotilla, as well as being a mid-sized port for international commerce. Given that the United Kingdom lives or dies based on this freedom to trade overseas, the port is vital to all in this conflict. The Royal Navy, which for the most part has remained loyal to King Edward VIII, dispatched the flotilla two days ago to join the rest of the fleet, tasked with stemming the flow of foreign volunteers coming to fight for their faction of choice. Many of these foreigners have come directly from fighting for the Nationalists or the Republicans in Spain, who have endured two years of their own brutal Civil War already.
Yesterday the dock workers, who are heavily influenced by communist agents and are affiliated with the People’s Party, refused to move armaments stored in the dock warehouses. Instead, they armed themselves and fighting broke out when security staff sought to control the situation. Who opened fire first is both in dispute and a moot point at this juncture. A company of the Army’s Provost Corps was rushed to Twaddlemore by train, but a bomb was used to derail the trail just outside of town. Multiple factions are either in town currently or rumoured to be headed this way. The Telephone Exchange is the key to communicating with the rest of the country, and is clearly a goal to secure. Likewise, the docks and the armaments stored there in are also of immense value. Lastly, the mysterious new Wireless Tower being built on the south shore is of unknown value, as the work crews are from “away” and appear to be quite Teutonic in manner.
This battle will surely prove that the term “Civil War” is clearly a misnomer.
A historically fictional 'what if' look at the events leading up to the Deutsche Afrika Korps capture of Tobruk in June 1942.
France, 1940 - Case Red.

Heavy Tanks of the 4th DCR must smash a hole in the advancing German line - but there are complications.
Axis and Allied forces clash for a town and large hill.
This is an Aug 44 meeting engagement between Brit and German mech forces in Belgium. The map is based on a satellite photo of Neubruck just southeast of St. Vith.
At Dornot, the U.S. Third Army's XX Corps' first attempt to establish a bridgehead on the Moselle River south of Metz met bloody failure. Two and a half miles south of Dornot the XX Corps' 10 Infantry Regiment is trying once more to establish a permanent bridgehead across the Moselle at Arnaville. Since the first U.S. troops crossed at Arnaville on the night of 8/9 September, the Germans have been launching increasingly vicious counterattacks in an effort to destroy the bridgehead and repeat what happened at Dornot.
Normandy - known for its rolling fields, orchards, stud farms and a good glass of cider. Sheltered from the elements which can pound the coastline this is a landscape is carpeted in apple blossom. It is here, at the heart of one of the best designated cider producing areas that you will find the Chateau les Bruyîres, an Empire period residence and 18th century manor house - run by the Wehrmacht. It is your task to put an end to this inappropriate ownership.
US Army invades an island defended by Italian Troops.

Map is 1200x1200.
Non-Historical.
20 Battles 10 Turns each.

Play HtH (Preferred), or Allied vs. Axis AI.
Allow AI to setup units, there is no pre-planned setup for the defender yet.
Two Reinforced Infantry Companies with Armor Support clash in this typical Meeting Engagement.
engineering company attacks dug in german positions somewhere near monte cassino to capture wine stash for captain hosehead
CMBB
Soviet vs. German Meeting Engagement. 60+ turns.
Best played as: H2H (Not recommended for vs. AI play due to mounted infantry.)

In recent weeks, this industrial center has been the scene of increasingly sharp clashes between recon units and regular forces. Both sides have traded jabs over this important airplane fabrication city. Both have moved into the town and then been forced out again. No one seems to be able to hold it. The landing gear assembly plant on the edge of town was occupied by the Red Army a few days ago and then burned and destroyed as the Wehrmacht forced them out. Much of the town lies untouched, but the workers and residents know it is just a matter of time before a major battle rages through the streets of their city…

After another bloody engagement, both sides have backed off. Again, in the still of a Sunday morning under the cover of a pounding rainstorm, both sides push forces forward to gain possession of the city.

No one is sure where the front lines lie. Is the enemy in front of you? Or is he gone?

Push forward, as so many before you have tried, and hold this town once and for all!
The Axis launch a major attack on the Allied defenses.
Russians attack three German-held villages in an attempt to secure the flank of a future offensive.
Russian breakout from a Kessel against a German blocking force.
43-02-01, South. SS commandos save Kleist's troops from encirclement. Fictional.
42-07-10, South. Axis forces in Group A cross the Donits to secure northern flank in the beggining of Fall Blau Operation. Semi-fictional.
October, 1942
In the northern Caucaus, along the Terek river line, the battle has been raging brutally for nearly two months. Germany's 13.Panzer-Division tasked with taking the key junction city of Vladikavkaz (Ordzhonikidze) has been stymied in it's every attempt to breakthrough.

But now, at the end of October a break has been achieved through the first mountain range and panzers are rolling along the valley near Ardon, on a back route to Vladikavkaz.

The Russians, somewhat disorganized, are withdrawing to new positions. A desperate stand is ordered to slow the German advance and buy time to set-up the new defensive positions.

a product of HDCS

3rd SS Totenkopf arrives back at the front after its Hiatus from the front in France and is immediately thrown back into action.

Follow the swift Donet's campaign the IInd SS panzer Korps stands poised for the final push too retake Kharkov and restore the pride of the Waffen SS, but they have too cross the Mzha river first.

Alternative History : Moskow Decision
This the first of a series of fictional scenarios based on the hipotetic decision by Hitler to attack Moskow instead of Kiev during the august 1941.
The german offensive to Moskow is starting, the first task is to take the bridge over the Dnjepr between Smolensk and Viazma.
Alternative History : Moskow Decision
This the first of a series of fictional scenarios based on the hipotetic decision by Hitler to attack Moskow instead of Kiev during the august 1941.
The german offensive to Moskow is starting, the first task is to take the bridge over the Dnjepr between Smolensk and Viazma.
CMBO
German infantry dawn attack during the Battle of the Bulge. American infantry caught off-guard whilst lining up for chow.

VPs for casualties and German exit points only.
An American WWII GI's dream come true- a "what if" American assault on Berlin AND a chance to personally bag the ol'Führer himself!
Newest Maps
CMAK
a fictional Town in North Africa.
Fictional City in North Africa. Best played as a meeting
engagement.
Fictional City in North Africa. Best played as a meeting
engagement.
Version 2, church size and orientation adjusted to be in village center. Minor adjustments such as villages, small hills and ridges around the wheat fields.
Mixed terrain, woods, open fields, villages, church, river, bridges.
This is a huge (actually 5 x 4 km) map representing a piece of French countryside west of the town of Arras. It is flat (gentle slopes) and moderately populated with villages, forests, orchards and the like. It is suitable for a massive battle of regiment-sized forces (15,000 points or more).
Fictional Map, Crete, An almost compleatly dried up river bed with a ruined bridge across, 2 small hamlets on either side
The axis forces have captured the ridge east of Lieso. It´s been quiet over a month, so they have had enough time to dig deep in the ridge.

Allied forces are attacking with brutal force from east. Tuomari-Laurila has already been taken.
The axis forces are about to assault a little town called Lieso in aim to capture a road that leads through a ridge to deeper east. The allied forces are dug in somewhere around the old elementary school.
A small river splits a large map, with lots of roads and 6 bridges to control and a town also to control. This map is for meeting engagements and no side has a terrain advantage. Hopefully this will boil down to your choice of units and your game play.
CMBB
Beautiful and challenging map perfect for direct or flank approach. Fight in the woods, the streets, the buildings or inside a small factory! Great for infantery with some armor and artillerie support and IDEAL for a quick motorized assault in the middle of a foggy night.
This was a work in progress for the cancelled CM Campaigns. Maps are both operations and battles. Four maps included. One is large version (75% accurate scale) of the entire fortress of Brest Litovsk and immediate area. Others are 2 km x 2 km maps of the north and south portions of the fortress. You are welcome to use these maps as long as your credit "Bannon DC" for map creation.
1600x1600m, middle eastern front,
3 big victory locations in the middle of the map,
4 additional small flags,
medium settlement with surrounding rural areas,
some hills, woods and farmland,
a small river crossing from N to S,
prepared setup-zones for both sides,
therefor I call it battlefield-map.
Germans advance easily untill they find... A speed bump on the road to Leningrad
This Map is designed for Meeting engagements, it is set in a fictional City.
A medium town lying crosswisely to the advance direction. In and around the town gardens and fields, some bush and tree rows.
2 small rivers with some fords.
Only 1 large victory location.
Best used for meeting engagements.
Damaged large town/small city divided by a river. Contains several bridges, an old fortress, stadium, factories, railway station, and an old manor. Flags spread pretty evenly out on the map, made for a QB axis attack. IMPORTANT: ONLY FOR USE WITH UMLAUTS STALINGRAD MODS. You most use the scenario with these three mods found at www.cmmods.com:

FULL_telephonepole_umlaut
rubble_spray_umlaut
stalingrad_buildings_umlaut
Stalingrad-ish map made for Umlaut´s Stalingrad-mods.
29 2x2km maps. Various terrain; city, village, farmland, deep forests ...

They all quite beatuful ;)
I know it was UK and not USSR! but i didnt own CMAK when i made the level and i dont want to do everything over again so USSR must equal UK! its a fun level with the FJ troops in the greatest air invasion prior to D-Day.
CMBO
This CMBO map is built from a topographical map of the little town of Seville, NE of Melbourne, Australia. My idea was to lauch a Brit brigade (3 btns) across it at a German static defence screening mobile reserves.
Desiliens is an ancient Roman town. The map features the ruins of the town, an aquaduct, and the ruins of a villa on a low central hill.

The eastern side of the map is mostly woods, the west is hills and farms. It is most suitable for an assault on the town, but if the focus is shifted to the ruined villa it would be good for a meeting engagement.
Updated Maps
CMAK
Ideal for a QB ME
CMBB
This Map is designed for Meeting engagements, it is set in a fictional City.
axis winterattack on a Russian City
Please feel free to download, use or edit the map.

Screenshots can be found here:

http://worldatwar.eu/index.php?entity_sess=512x00db4fede3b24a34db2c5e9d283f162c&lang=3&location=boardshownode&boardid=51
A town with a river and lake surrounded by grainfields
Map is based on a sketch in the book > Die guten Glaubens waren< the history of the SS Polizei Division and shows a hard-fought area south of Leningrad. The Observatory was not reached by the Germans although they really tried it
This is part of a series of maps on the so-called Ladoga
Front
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Soviet Tank Units 1941-1945
MAD RUSSIAN
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Post #32   4691 days, 16 hours, 40 minutes, 40 seconds ago           
Soviet Tank Units 1941 - 1945

By Steve 'Mad Russian' Overton

By late summer of 1941, The Red Army's armored force had suffered staggering losses, and there were few KVs or T-34's left in service. On 15 July, STAVKA (Soviet High Command), was obliged to recognize the obvious and disband the mechanized corps. Of the 22,000 tanks in existence at the beginning of 'Barbarossa', it is unlikely that more than 1,500 remained operational. In place of the huge and unwieldy mechanized corps, STAVKA created tank brigades as the largest tactical armoured formation.
These new brigades were organized around a tank regiment and a motor rifle battalion with a nominal strength of 93 tanks. The tank regiment included a company of seven KV tanks, a company of 22 T-34 tanks, and the remainder of the unit was filled out with whatever light tanks were available. By September 1941, shortages led to reduction in the paper strength of these units to 67 tanks, though most brigades didn't even have that many tanks. In September, independent tank battalions were formed which could be assigned to cavalry or infantry units for support. They consisted of one medium tank company and two light tank companies with 29 tanks. These units were not entirely well received because they lacked any of the KV heavy tanks which had proved so successful in terrorizing ill-equipped German infantry units.
As a result, in November, they were reorganized and were supposed to consist of five KV, eleven T-34 and twenty light tanks. Severe shortages of tanks in the winter of 1941-1942 from attrition and the evacuation of the factories forced the paper strength of the tank brigades even lower.
The January 1942 table of equipment was only 42 tanks, and those assigned to support cavalry units were not supposed to have the precious KV tanks. By February 1942, the official tables of equipment reached their nadir at a mere 27 tanks. By early spring, the situation began to improve as the factories resumed production and Lend-Lease tanks became available in small numbers. The April 1942 tables of equipment returned the tank brigades to the January levels of 46 tanks, but more importantly, the T-34 strength was proportionately higher at the expense of the less valuable light tanks.
The most significant change brought about by greater availability of tanks was the GKO decision to begin forming the new tank corps. The term 'tank corps' is misleading by Western standards, the corps were in fact tank divisions and weak ones at that. Each had three tank brigades and a motor rifle brigade, but possessed only twenty KV's, 40 T-34's and 40 light tanks. Never the less Soviet tank corps strength continued to grow throughout the war, while the strength of the Panzer divisions shrank. In July, the establishment of the tank corps was raised to 168 tanks, and a battalion of the potent BM-13 Katyusha multiple rocket launchers was added.
The combat debut of the tank corps was also matched by the formation of the new tank armies which, in fact, were more comparable to British or American corps. They were of varied compositions, usually being based on two tank corps and a rifle division. The new tank corps and tank armies went into action in May 1942, and were not an unqualified success. The tank corps were often used in a timid, defensive fashion with little co-ordination between sub-units. As mentioned earlier, Soviet tank tactics were usually quite poor, stemming from lack of training and inherent design flaws in the tanks. The potentially powerful tank armies were also a disappointment and could not prevent the shocking defeat at Voronezh. Several of the new tank corps were wiped out. The fighting highlighted the incompatibility of the heterogeneous tank brigades. General Pavel Rotmistrov, who would head the Soviet armored force after the war, candidly explained this to STAVKA: 'The difficulty is that while there isn't much difference in speed between the light (T -60) tank and the medium (T -34) tank on the roads, when moving across country, the light tanks are quickly left behind. The heavy (KV) tank is already behind and often crushes bridges which cuts off units behind it. Under battle- field conditions, this has meant that too often the T -34 alone arrived; the light tanks had difficulty fighting the German tanks anyway, and the KVs were delayed in the rear. It was also difficult to command these companies because occasionally they were equipped with different types of radios or none at all.'
The head of the Armoured Force (GABTU), Colonel-General Ya. N. Federenko set about improving the situation in a number of ways. Crew training was increased, especially unit training. Technical improvements were suggested such as three- man turret crews, improved vision devices and provisions for more radios. To ensure closer support of infantry and tanks in the absence of armored troop carriers, hand- holds were to be welded to tanks to permit them to carry tank raiders (tank desant). In July 1942, the new tank brigade table dropped the KV; by this time, its armor was no longer invulnerable, and the increased armor of the KV-l Model 1942 had slowed it so much that it could not operate properly in combination with the fleeter T -34 and T- 70. The new tank brigades had 53 tanks. The KVs were shifted to independent tank regiments where they could be used for infantry support. The July changes also dropped the cumbersome tank regiment headquarters from the tank brigade organization in favor of a simpler configuration. In October 1943, some of the brigades began to be enlarged to 65 tanks by adding an additional company of the much prized T -34.
Another important change in Soviet mechanized doctrine was marked by the introduction of the new mechanized corps in September 1942.
This differed from the tank corps by reversing the composition of the brigades. A mechanized corps had three mechanized brigades and only one tank brigade. However, owing to a lack of armored infantry transporters, the mechanized brigades needed an entire tank regiment to help lift the assault infantry into action, and as a result, the mechanized corps had more tanks than the tank corps.' Each mechanized brigade had three motor rifle battalions plus a tank regiment. Besides the independent heavy tank regiments mentioned earlier, in September 1942, GABTU also introduced independent tank regiments composed of T -34s and light tanks. These were used to reinforce tank or mechanized corps, or could be attached to rifle and cavalry divisions to provide support. They replaced the earlier independent tank battalions which now began disappearing.
By the spring of 1942 it became apparent that larger groups than these diminutive tank brigades would be required if tanks were to make the decisive contribution to the Soviet war effort. On 31 March orders were issued for the activation of the 1st - 4th Tank Corps, each to consist of a headquarters, two tank brigades and a motor rifle brigade. These corps had an authorized strength of 5,603 men with 20 KV heavy tanks, 40 T-34 medium tanks (including 8 reserve tanks authorized but rarely present) and 40 T-60 or
T-70 light tanks. The corps included no artillery, reconnaissance or engineer units, nor any service support elements.
The motorized rifle brigade was a new formation designed to hold captured terrain and protect the tanks from enemy infantry and anti-tank guns. Under the new TO&E's issued for this unit (Nos. 10/370-380) the maneuver elements of the brigade were it's three motorized infantry battalions.
The brigade held two indirect-fire support elements: a mortar battalion and an artillery battalion. The mortar battalion consisted of two 6 tube 82mm mortar batteries and a 4 tube 120mm mortar battery. The artillery battalion was made up of three 4-gun batteries of 76mm guns.
The brigade reconnaissance company was composed of an armored car platoon, two platoons in armored trucks a sub-machinegun platoon and a headquarters.
The tank corps was actually an armored division, a small one by Western standards. Several factors limited it's usefulness. One obvious problem was the tank mix. A third of the tanks were the light T-60/70 models, with thin armour, weak armament, an inefficient 2-man crew and no radios. The T-34 and KV tanks effective fighting machines, but the three types of tanks in each battalion had such widely differing characteristics that coordination proved almost impossible. The light tanks and T-34's leaving the KV tanks behind while they advanced. The KV's bringing up the rear destroyed roads and bridges as they moved forward. As a result, the arrival of a tank battalion at an objective in one piece was a rarity.
Changes to the authorized composition of the brigade were made almost immediately. In mid-April a third tank brigade was added to the corps, along with an independent engineer-mine company. The lack of service support, which had limited the usefulness of the tank corps for an independent role, was partially rectified by the addition in June of a fuel transport company to the corps structure.
Russian armored organization as the new campaigning season opened was still based on the independent tank brigades. These brigades grew rapidly in number during 1942: there were about twenty available at the beginning of May, but the Germans claimed to have identified 138 by the end of the year. However, it was quicker, easier, and cheaper to make a T-34 than it was to choose and train its crew. The difficulties of swiftly acquiring a proper reserve of trained tank crews for the new brigades meant that their use would be strictly limited - and would often be confined purely to infantry support. A combat armored formation is not produced overnight: the whole command structure of the Russian armor, from the corps commander on down the men in the T-34 turret, needed to be revised and refined if it was to be used properly. The brigade was too small a formation for use in a hammer blow, and yet the Russian command was not yet experienced enough to handle armor, offensively, in larger masses. Zhukov knew this, but Stalin did not.
Stalin now intended to assuage his frustrations of the previous year by offensive operations on a grand scale. The State Defense Committee met at the end of March, and a lively dispute ensued among Russia's military leaders. Zhukov had already expressed his views: he wanted to launch a limited offensive to eliminate the dangerous German salient which threatened Moscow in the Rzhev-Vyazma area. However, Stalin, and part of the Russian general staff were interested in operations farther south. Stalin at nothing less than a great stroke to recapture Kharkov. This would require the bulk of the T-34's and KV-1's of the painfully reconstituted Russian armored force.
Stalin, in a flash strangely reminiscent of Churchill, turned on them all. 'We cannot remain on the defensive and sit on our hands until the Germans strike first. We must launch preventive strikes...'
This was also the thinking of Timoshenko, who was now to command the South West Front of operations. He announced that his troops were ready for an offensive, and that such an offensive should be undertaken as a preventive measure, to disrupt German plans for an attack of their own.

The die was cast.


(modified 07/20/2004 20:32:15 by Mad Russian)
MAD RUSSIAN
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Post #33   4691 days, 16 hours, 30 minutes, 30 seconds ago        
In April, Timoshenko received his orders. He was to attack the Germans in the vicinity of Kharkov, and recapture the city. Timoshenko himself now had the bit between his teeth and he was eager to expand this not inconsiderable operation into one of even wider scope, aimed at driving the Germans back to the Dniepr River. He believed that the most effective blow he could strike would be to launch his armor into the German concentrations preparing for their own offensive. For this purpose, he had under his command several of the newly formed tank brigades.
Rigid and clumsy though it was, Timoshenko's attack at first succeeded under its sheer weight of numbers. He broke into the positions of Paulus' Army to a depth reaching twenty miles. However, Kleist's First Panzer Army, which had been concentrating, ready for a German offensive, at Kramatorsk, was at the base of the salient that Timoshenko was then driving into the German lines. Timoshenko seemed resolutely to turn his eyes away from this threat, although, according to Zhukov, even Stalin was concerned about it. Timoshenko told Stalin, in effect, that Kleist at Kramatorsk was something of a paper tiger. His views were supported by General Nikita Krushev, what at the time was Timoshenko's political commissar. Within a few days Kleist's well trained tank crews would prove them wrong.
On 17th May, Kleist struck with 2 Panzer Divisions, a Panzer Grenadier Division and 8 Infantry Divisions. As part of Timoshenko's forces - Gorodniansky's Sixth Army and Kharitonov's Ninth - swung north towards Kharkov, Kleist's tanks hit the long extended flank. Meanwhile, following its orders, the Russian armor was actually driving out of the battle area, further into a worsening situation.
The Ninth Army was surrounded and destroyed piecemeal. There were not adequate reserves and with his armor strung out there was nothing that Timoshenko could do to set the situation right.
On 18th May, his staff telephoned STAVKA asking if he could break off the battle, but received a dusty answer from Stalin. He was told to go on attacking 'to the end.' It was another day before STAVKA gave permission to go on the defensive. By then the damage had been done.
Encircled and chopped up one by one, the Russian armies were defeated. Two army commanders were dead - - Gorodniansky of Sixth Army and Kharitonov of the Ninth. More than 250,000 Russians were captured, and - just as important - the precious tank brigades were largely destroyed.
The Russians had committed the 10, 57, 84, 90, 13, 36, 133, 37, 38, 48, 64, 198, 199, 6, 130, 131, 7, 51, 121, 12, 3 and 15th Tank Brigades either in whole or in part. The Germans committed the 3, 23, 14 and 16th Panzer Divisions in either in whole or in part. Russian tank losses from the 10-31 May amounted to 652 tanks.
One clear military deduction could be drawn from the whole sorry, bloody, mess; the Russian armor, though building up in numbers, still had a very, very great deal to learn. For the failure was not wholly at the level of Timoshenko. Much lower down the chain of command, essential qualities were still lacking. German opinion of the lower and middle levels of command, in Russian armored formations, was that, they were poor in the summer of 1942. That they lacked the ability to make quick decisions and had little tactical insight even at battalion or company level.
Two larger elements were added to the tank corps in July. The first was a rocket launcher battalion consisting of two batteries each of four BM-13 rocket launcher systems. An extremely useful weapon, the effectiveness of the rocket launchers was limited by the small number deployed. Although the problem of divergent tank types would be solved very quickly, that of indirect fire support would continue to plague Soviet mechanized forces until the end of the war and would cost them dearly in tank losses. The second addition in July 1942 was a motorcycle reconnaissance battalion. This was divided into a motorcycle company and an armored car company, the latter with twenty armored cars.
At the same time the 120mm mortar company of the rifle brigade was expanded to six mortars. A machinegun company with 9 machineguns was added to each of the rifle battalions as well.
The tank brigades were still being organized on three different TO&E's, and in addition an NKO order of 29 May had authorized the formation of corps in which one of the tank brigades was equipped primarily with heavy KV tanks. As a result, the number of tanks authorized for the different tank corps varied from 150 to 180 depending on which TO&E their tank brigades were formed from. To remedy this a new standard tank brigade organization table was published 31 July 1942, to which all tank brigades were directed to conform. As with all cases of new orders this took time to implement.
The new tank brigade TO&E's (Nos 10/270-277) was very similar to the earlier ones except for the tank component and the replacement of the anti-aircraft battery with an anti-tank battery of four 76mm guns. The tank component of the new brigade was made up of two battalions: one light and one medium. This new composition gave the tank brigade a force of twenty-one light and thirty two medium tanks from July 1942.
A total of twenty-five tank corps were activated between April and September 1942, largely from existing assets. All of the tank brigades involved had already been fielded and the process simply involved gathering them together. The motorized rifle brigades were new units but they may have been simply redesignated from an old rifle brigades and re-equipped along the new TO&E's.
Few of the tank corps actually had their specified combat support units during 1942. Only five motorcycle reconnaissance battalions were activated, and these only survived for a few months. No rocket launcher or anti-aircraft battalions were formed in 1942 for the tank corps either. The tank corps thus contained only the headquarters, the combat brigades themselves and a small base of service elements.
Soviet tank losses in 1942 were staggering. In the early and middle months the losses reached between 2,000 and 3,000. Only later in the year did they drop to around 1,000 tanks per month. In light of these losses only three more tank corps were formed during the last quarter of 1942. Another reason for the slow down in tank corps activation was the diversion of tanks into a new Russian armored formation, the mechanized corps.
The mortar regiment brought thirty-six 120mm mortars to the tank corps. The assault gun regiment brought a direct fire capability to help relieve the lack of artillery support for the fluid combat often engaged in by the tank corps. The assault gun regiment contained seventeen Su-76's and eight SU-122's.
The first half of 1943 saw a flurry of activity. On 10 January, NKO ordered that a mortar regiment and an assault gun be added to the tank corps TO&E. In March, the AA batteries of the brigades were consolidated in a corps AA battalion of sixteen 37mm guns. The Tank brigades were then given an AA machinegun company consisting of nine DShK weapons. In April, a tank destroyer artillery regiment was added with twenty 45mm ATG's. In May yet another tank destroyer regiment was added this time with either twelve 76mm or 85mm guns. Also in May the assault gun regiment was reorganized into a heavy SP regiment that included twelve SU-152's. In August, The two towed anti-tank battalions were replaced with two SP regiments. One of these was assigned twenty-one SU-76's, while the other had sixteen SU-122's assigned.
The last change to the organization of the tank brigades came in November of 1943. With the TO&E (Nos 10/500-506) completely eliminating light tanks from the organization. The tank brigades motorized rifle battalion was reconfigured as a
sub-machinegun battalion. This unit kept it's crew served machineguns for long range fire.
In February 1944, all the assault gun regiments were organized on a uniform TO&E that gave each twenty-one assault guns. This raised the number of assault guns in the corps to sixty-three. In August, a light artillery regiment of twenty-four 76mm guns was added. When the need and mission called for it a heavy tank regiment with IS-2 heavy tanks replaced the heavy assault gun regiment with it's SU-152's.
These organizations remained in effect to the end of the war.
At Kursk the Soviets stopped a German operational drive for the very first time. They then went on to show the Germans what they had learned in their own counter offensives. Stalin continued to try to reach out for objectives that were beyond the capabilities of his armored forces but they were learning and getting better.
The year 1944 is known as the 'Year of 10 Victories' to the Soviets. Leningrad was relieved, Sevastopol and the Crimea were recaptured, the Finns were pushed back and accepted a negotiated peace, the Vistula was reached in Poland, the Germans were pushed out of the Baltic states or contained in a pocket on the coast, the Red Army entered Hungary and Yugoslavia, Romania surrendered, Bulgaria which had never declared war on the Soviet Union was invaded.
This was the year that the Germans were driven from Soviet soil. This was the year that they destroyed Army Group Center and achieved the largest victory gained against the Germans in World War II. This was the year that they showed how much they had learned and how far they had come. It is true that the Soviet armored forces were never as dashing and sophisticated as their German opponents. The simple fact is that they didn't have to be. The sledgehammer could win battles as easily as the rapier and was capable of taking considerably more damage while doing it.
In 1945 the Red Army continued it's unstoppable advance to Berlin and the end of the war. Capturing Budapest, Warsaw and Vienna along the way.




Sources:
"Kharkov 1942: Anatomy of a Military Disaster" by David M. Glantz (pages 72-73, 272-275)

"KV-1&2 Heavy Tanks 1941-1945" by Steven J. Zaloga, Jim Kinnear and Peter Sarson (page 33)

"Red Army Handbook 1939-1945" by Steven J. Zaloga and Leland S. Ness
(pages 75 - 76, 78 - 79, 80 - 82)

Soviet Tanks and Combat Vehicles of World War Two by Steven J. Zaloga and James Grandsen (pages 147 - 149)

"T-34 Russian Armor" by Douglas Orgill (pages 81-85)

"The Battle of Kursk" by David M. Glantz and Jonathan M. House ( pages 264-267)

"The Eastern Front" by J.N. Westwood (pages 164-190)


1941 Tank Division
Division HQ
Signal Battalion
Reconnaissance Battalion
Armored Car Company (15 AC's)
Light Tank Company (17 T-40)
Motorcycle Rifle Company (12 LMG, 3 x 50mm Mortar)
Two Tank Regiments
Regimental HQ (1 T-34, 3 AAMG)
Reconnaissance Company (13 AC's)
Heavy Tank Battalion
Battalion HQ (1 KV-1, 3 AC's)
Three Company's, each with 10 KV tanks.
Two Medium Battalions, each with
Battalion HQ (1 T-34, 3 AC's)
Three Company's, each with 17 T-34 tanks.
Flamethrower Battalion
Battalion HQ (1 T-26, 3 AC's)
Three Company's, each with 3 T-26's, 9 x OT-26 flamethrower tanks.
Maintenance Company
Supply Company
Motorized Infantry Regiment
Signal Company
Reconnaissance Company (10 AC's)
AA Machine Gun Company (6 AA MG's)
Three Infantry Battalions, each
Three Rifle Companies, each (12 LMG, 2 MG, 3 x 50mm mortar)
Machine Gun Company (6 MG)
Mortar Platoon (2 x 82mm mortar)
Anti-Tank Platoon (2 x 45mm ATG)
Infantry Gun Battery (4 x 76mm Infantry Guns)
Artillery Regiment
Regiment HQ ( I KV tank, 3 AA MG's)
Light Field Howitzer Battalion
Three Batteries, each (2 LMG, 4 x 122mm How)
Heavy Field Artillery Battalion
Three Batteries, each (2 LMG, 4 x 152mm How)
Anti-Aircraft Battalion
Three Light Batteries, each (4 x 37mm AA)
Pioneer Battalion



Tank Brigade - August 1941 (TO 010/75-83)
Brigade HQ (2 LMG)
Two Tank Battalions, each
Battalion HQ (2 T-26 tanks)
Three Light Tank Company each with 30 T-40 tanks.
Medium Tank Company each with 11 T-34's.
Heavy Tank Company with 7 KV-1 tanks.

Motorized Rifle Battalion
Battalion HQ
Two Rifle Companies, each (9 x LMG, 2 x MG, 3 x ATR)
Submachine Gun Company
Mortar Company (6 x 82mm mortar)
Anti-Aircraft Battery (3 x AAMG, 4 x 37mm AA)
Anti-tank Company (4 x 45mm ATG, 6 x ATG)

Note: One tank in each medium and heavy platoon was equipped with a radio, as were all tanks in company and battalion HQ elements, light and medium/heavy; the light tank platoons apparently had no radios.

The brigade's infantry battalion included not only a large conventional AT company but also a unique tank-destroyer company that utilized extemporized close-in anti-tank weapons such as hand grenades, flamethrowers, 'Molotov cocktails' and engineer demolition material. The Brigade had no indirect fire support other than the mortars of the infantry battalion.

"Red Army Handbook 1939-1945" by Steven J. Zaloga and Leland S. Ness
(pages 71 - 72)


*** Light Tank Company's were made up of Three platoons of 3 T-40's and a Company Command Tank. Medium Tank Companies were made up of Three platoons of 3 T-34 and a Company Command tank. The Heavy Tank Company was made up of three platoons of 2 KV-1's and a Company Command tank. *** (sro)


Tank Brigade - September 1941

Soviet sources give the September 1941 Tank Brigade a total of 7 KV's, 22 T-34's and 38 light tanks.

This change apparently did not apply to the tank brigades that were operating with older tanks. On 10 November 1941 the 54th Tank Brigade reported itself using the old (August) TO&E and at full strength in tanks, but all ninety-three tanks being T-26 models.

"Red Army Handbook 1939-1945" by Steven J. Zaloga and Leland S. Ness
(pages 72, 99)

*** I find little information about this interim TO&E. I'm not sure that it was ever official. *** (sro)


Tank Brigade - December 1941 (TO 10/345-352)
Brigade HQ (2 LMG)
Two Tank Battalions, each
Battalion HQ
Light Tank Company each with 8 T-60 tanks.
Medium Tank Company each with 10 T-34's.
Heavy Tank Company each with 5 KV-1 tanks.

Motorized Rifle Battalion
Battalion HQ
Two Rifle Companies, each (9 LMG, 2 MMG, 3 ATR)
Submachine Gun Company
Mortar Company (6 x 82mm mortar)
Anti-Aircraft Battery (3 x AAMG, 4 x 37mm AA)


Note: Two changes were immediately apparent. The first was that overall tank strength in the brigade was deduced to forty-six (including sixteen light tanks), barely the strength of a conventional Western tank battalion. The second was that all three types of tanks - light, medium and heavy - were now integrated into each tank battalion.


"Red Army Handbook 1939-1945" by Steven J. Zaloga and Leland S. Ness (page 74-75)

"Soviet Tanks and Combat Vehicles of World War Two" by Steven J. Zaloga and James Grandsen (pages 147 and 222)

*** Light tank companies were made up of two platoons, each with 3 T-60 tanks with the company HQ having two more. None of these 8 tanks had a radio.

The medium tank companies were made up of three platoons, each with 3 T-34's with the company HQ having another tank. The company and platoon command tanks all had radios.

The heavy tank company was made up of two platoons of two KV tanks with the company HQ having another KV tank. The company and platoon command tanks all had radios.

The new battalion HQ did not have any tanks or any other equipment that is available in CMBB. *** (sro)

Tank Brigade - July 1942 (TO 10/270-277)
Brigade HQ (1 T-34)
Medium Tank Battalion
Battalion HQ (1 T-34)
Three Medium Tank Companies, each with 10 T-34's.

Light Tank Battalion
Battalion HQ (1 T-60/70)
Two Light Tank Companies, each with 10 T-60/70 tanks.

Motorized Rifle Battalion
Battalion HQ (3 Armored Cars)
Two Rifle Companies, each (9 LMG, 2 MG, 3 ATR)
Submachine Gun Company
Mortar Company (6 x 82mm mortar)
Anti-tank Battery (4 x 76mm ATG)

Note: Each command tank, from the Brigade commander down through the platoon commanders, had a radio.

"Red Army Handbook 1939-1945" by Steven J. Zaloga and Leland S. Ness (page 78-79)

"Soviet Tanks and Combat Vehicles of World War Two" by Steven J. Zaloga and James Grandsen (pages 148 and 222)


Tank Corps - Late 1942
Corps HQ (3 T-34)
3 Tank Brigades, each with 21 x T-60/70, 32 x T-34, 18 x LMG, 4 x MMG,
6 x ATR, 6 x 82mm Mortars and 4 x 76mm ATG

Motorized Rifle Brigade with 110 x LMG, 18 x MMG, 3 x HMG, 54 x ATR,
30 x 82mm Mortar, 12 x 45mm ATG,
12 x 37mm AA, 12 x 76mm guns

Reconnaissance Battalion with 20 Armored Cars.
Rocket Launcher Battalion with 8 BM-13 Katyusha Rocket Launchers.
Pioneer Mine Company
Fuel Transport Company
Two Maintenance Companies
NKVD Section

"Red Army Handbook 1939-1945" by Steven J. Zaloga and Leland S. Ness (page 80)


Tank Brigade - November 1943 (TO 10/500-506)
Brigade HQ (2 T-34, 3 Armored Cars)
Three Tank Battalions, each
Battalion HQ (1 T-34)
Two Tank Companies, each with 10 T-34's.

Motorized Sub-Machinegun Battalion
Battalion HQ
Two Sub-Machinegun Companies, each (18 LMG, 4 MMG,
18 ATR)
Mortar Company (6 x 82mm mortar)
Anti-tank Battery (4 x 45mm ATG)

Note: Each command tank, from the Brigade commander down through the platoon commanders, had a radio.

"Red Army Handbook 1939-1945" by Steven J. Zaloga and Leland S. Ness (page 81)

"Soviet Tanks and Combat Vehicles of World War Two" by Steven J. Zaloga and James Grandsen (pages 149 and 222)


Tank Corps 1942 - 1945

April 1942: 40 x T-60, 40 x T-34, 20 x KV-1, 42 x 82mm Mortars, 4 x 120mm Mortars,
12 x 45mm ATG, 20 x 37mm AA, 20 x 76mm Guns

January 1943: 70 x T-70, 98 x T-34, 48 x 82mm Mortars, 4 x 120mm Mortars,
12 x 45mm ATG, 2 x 37mm AA, 24 x 76mm Guns, 8 x BM-13 Katyusha

January 1944: 208 x T-34, 1 x KV-1, 21 x SU-76, 16 x SU-85, 12 x SU-152/ISU-152,
52 x 82mm Mortars, 42 x 120mm Mortars, 12 x 45mm ATG,
16 x 57mm ATG, 18 x 37mm AA, 12 x 76mm Guns, 8 x BM-13 Katyusha

May 1945: 207 x T-34, 21 x SU-76, 21 x SU-85, 21 x SU-152/ISU-152
52 x 82mm Mortars, 42 x 120mm Mortars, 12 x 45mm ATG,
16 x 57mm ATG, 16 x 37mm AA, 36 x 76mm Guns, 8 x BM-13 Katyusha

"Red Army Handbook 1939-1945" by Steven J. Zaloga and Leland S. Ness (page 84)

"Soviet Tanks and Combat Vehicles of World War Two" by Steven J. Zaloga and James Grandsen (pages 148 and 222)

Notes: The ISU-122 was the tank destroyer version of the ISU-152 assault gun and they were used interchangeably during the war. The SU-85 and SU-100 were both fairly rare. There were about 2000 of each model manufactured. To give an idea of scale there were about 12,700 SU-76's made, more than 1100 SU-122's, over 700
SU-152's and about 4,000 ISU-122/152's produced.

The IS-2 was used in Guards Heavy Tank Brigades composed of 65 IS-2's.

Guards Tank Corps got the pick of new equipment when it was available. Such as the SU-100 tank destroyers.

Several Soviet tank corps were equipped with Lend Lease M4A2 Sherman tanks. One such tank corps was the 3rd Guards Tank Corps during the destruction of Army Group Center in June and July of 1944. There were 4,252 Shermans sent to the Soviets. These were equally divided between the 75mm and 76mm armed versions.


"Soviet Tanks and Combat Vehicles of World War Two" by Steven J. Zaloga and James Grandsen (pages 217, 222 and 225)

"Bagration 1944: The Destruction of Army Group Centre" by Steven Zaloga (page 65)


(modified 07/20/2004 20:37:37 by Mad Russian)

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